Thursday, October 22, 2020
Tech

IBM to split into two companies by end of 2021

IBM to split into two companies by end of 2021
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Enlarge / A big blue Big Blue chart showing how this is going to work.

IBM announced this morning that the company would be spinning off some of its lower-margin lines of business into a new company and focusing on higher-margin cloud services. During an investor call, CEO Arvind Krishna acknowledged that the move was a “significant shift” in how IBM will work, but he positioned it as the latest in a decades-long series of strategic divestments.

“We divested networking back in the ’90s, we divested PCs back in the 2000s, we divested semiconductors about five years ago because all of them didn’t necessarily play into the integrated value proposition,” he said. Krishna became CEO in April 2020, replacing former CEO Ginni Rometty (who is now IBM’s executive chairman), but the spin-off is the capstone of a multi-year effort to apply some kind of focus to the company’s sprawling business model.

Cloudy with a chance of hitting the quarterly guidance

The new spin-off doesn’t have a formal name yet and is referred to as “NewCo” in IBM’s marketing and investor relations material. Under the spin-off plan, the press release claims IBM “will focus on its open hybrid cloud platform, which represents a $1 trillion market opportunity,” while NewCo “will immediately be the world’s leading managed infrastructure services provider.” (This is because NewCo will start life owning the entirety of IBM Global Technology Services’ existing managed infrastructure clients, which means about 4,600 accounts, including about 75 percent of the Fortune 100.)

IBM does cloud and stuff, NewCo does infrastructure hosting and stuff.
Enlarge / IBM does cloud and stuff, NewCo does infrastructure hosting and stuff.

The Reuters write-up of the split quotes Wedbush Securities analyst Moshe Katri, who categorizes the managed infrastructure business as something IBM is smart to dump: “IBM is essentially getting rid of a shrinking, low-margin operation given the cannibalizing impact of automation and cloud, masking stronger growth for the rest of the operation.”

Investors are reacting bullishly on the news of the 109-year-old company’s plans. IBM stock is up approximately 7 percent for the day as of press time.



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