Saturday, December 5, 2020
Health

DECODED: How brown fat can protect against obesity and diabetes

DECODED: How brown fat can protect against obesity and diabetes
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Fat accumulation in the body has always been considered bad for health. But to your surprise, not all kinds of fat are bad. Out of the five different types of fat generally present in the human body, brown fat is considered a healthy fat. Also known as good fat, brown fat is a special type of body fat that produces heat to help maintain your body temperature in cold conditions. It acts as a built-in heater and keeps us warm when the temperature drops. Activated by cool temperatures, brown fat uses sugar and fat from the blood to generate heat. They are generally present in small quantities in areas like neck, collarbone, kidneys and spinal cord. Apart from this, the latest study revealed that brown fat can also protect against obesity and diabetes, the major health concern that has engulfed the entire globe.

What does the recent study suggest?

As per a study published in the journal Nature, these kinds of fat can help in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes. The findings revealed that brown fat could help the body filter and remove branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) from the blood. When present in a normal amounts, these amino acids are essential for good health but an increase in its level is linked to diabetes and obesity. This study suggests that people with low or no brown fat have difficulty in clear BCAAs from their blood, which later lead to the development of obesity and diabetes.

How to increase the percentage of brown fat in the body

There are several ways to boost your levels of brown fat to maintain healthy body weight and decrease the risk of diabetes. Here are the four most effective ways to do so.

Exercise: As per a study published in the Disease Models and Mechanisms, exercising triggers the release of an enzyme called irisin that helps white fat cells to convert to brown.

Turn down the temperature: Exposure to the cold temperature may even help to boost more brown fat in the body. As per some research, daily two hours of exposure to temperatures around 66˚F (19˚C) may help to increase the level of brown fat in the body.

Eat frequently: A key rule to stay healthy is to have food in small quantities at regular intervals. Starving yourself will make you more prone to developing health issues like obesity. Eat healthy food, at regular intervals and limited quantities can encourage white fat to turn brown.

Eat an apple every day: An apple a day not only keeps the doctor away but also helps to increase the level of brown fat in the body. A study carried out by the researchers at the University of Iowa found that ursolic acid, which is found in apple peels can help to increase the percentage of brown fat in the body.



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